The Great MPAA Scheme to Defraud Copyright Law.

Is it possible that the MPAA & RIAA created a scheme with the adult film-based companies to break copyright law?


In that article, I suggested in a joking, conspiratorial way that “it was probably the plan of the MPAA / RIAA movie industry to sit back and let the adult industry file lawsuits across the US.”

Why? Because what individual “John Doe” defendant accused of downloading adult films would destroy their reputation by fighting back against those lawsuits?  What individual would allow his reputation to be destroyed where by doing so, he would allow the adult companies to expose that not only did he downloaded adult films, but they would expose his personal sexual addictions and sexual preferences (and sometimes based on the title of the infringed video, his secret fetishes) to the public record for all to see?? Thus, the adult film cases were a perfect test subject to blaze the courts to create new case law on copyright infringement cases using bittorrent, because accused defendants as a general rule would not fight back.

At first, I gave the movie industry the benefit of the doubt that they were separate and apart from the adult film lawsuits, namely, that they were merely sitting back and watching the lawsuits while the adult companies made case law for them. I even referred to them as “the Sleeping Dog.”  When there was a good ruling, they would say nothing, and when there was a bad ruling, they would write articles and scream, “the evil adult companies are ruining the copyright laws for all of us!”


A while ago, I started noticing that the same Guardaley entity that was filing the adult film lawsuits were also filing the movie lawsuits. Specifically, I heard about this when representing clients accused of downloading the Dallas Buyers Club movie, but I could not believe that legitimate movie companies were the same corporate entities behind the scenes as those who were filing adult film lawsuits — it just didn’t make sense to me.

But now I’m learning that the same Guardaley / IPP / Anti-Piracy Management Company (APMC) entity that is behind the Malibu Media, LLC lawsuits across the US appears to be the same entity who is also filing lawsuits for legitimate movies. For example, I am told that Paul Nicoletti filed cases for both Voltage Pictures, Inc. and for Malibu Media, LLC.  Same attorney, same clients… but this is not my evidence.

(NOTE: In a previous version of this article in the above paragraph, I used the example of Keith Vogt filing for both Dallas Buyers Club and Malibu Media, LLC.  This was in error.  However, I used his lawsuits to show how the same attorney was filing for both movie companies who have been known to license the rights to enforce copyrights and for the adult-film Malibu Media, LLC client, both Guardaley-linked.  Remember, there was a point that I believed that Voltage Pictures was that Guardaley-linked movie company, however, I’m told they were sold so they are not likely the ones behind the movie lawsuits.)  

We also recently learned that Carl Crowell is now having ISPs send out DMCA notices demanding $300 settlements for each instance of infringement; he is sending the accused subscribers to his RIGHTS ENFORCEMENT website ( in order to facilitate the payment of these settlement demands under a threat that if they do not pay him, he will file a lawsuit to uncover their real identity so that he can sue them for copyright infringement (statutory damages of $150,000) under the copyright laws.

I can now confirm based on the search engine searches that are coming to my website that the nature of the DMCA notices are for adult films allegedly downloaded by bittorrent. Further, I compared some of those names of the adult film companies, and it not only seems as if RIGHTS ENFORCEMENT is a knock-off of CEG-TEK’s DMCA notice system, but that Crowell has also ‘stolen’ the clients of CEG-TEK. I know this because the titles of the alleged infringing adult films correlate almost exactly to CEG-TEK’s client list, as I exposed them in 2014.

But if you dig further into the RIGHTS ENFORCEMENT website, you’ll find that their client list includes MAINSTREAM MOVIES. Thus, the connection between the movie industry and the adult film industry is strengthened.

Then, to make the connection even stronger, I recently learned that Carl Crowell (the apparent puppet master behind all of the Guardaley-based ‘John Doe’ movie lawsuits across the US) is also in contract with RightsCorp, who has been sending notices to Internet Subscribers the same was CEG-TEK used to, but their methods of tracking and harassing defendants is different from CEG-TEK’s. At one time, I was even so certain of the differences between them [based on how they operated and knowing the fight that CEG-TEK used to have with the Guardaley entity in their bittorrent tracking methods] that I wrote an article claiming that “CEG-TEK and RightsCorp are different animals.”  Point being, at the time, I did not understand the nature of RightsCorp (they were always the bastard child of the copyright infringement issues), but all I knew at the time were that those at Rightscorp were spending millions of dollars on a failing business model, and because they were so loudly representing the MPAA/RIAA in this failing venture, I never thought to look whether the adult film industry lawsuits and the traditional movie lawsuits were somehow related.

Well, zoom to 2017, and now we learn that the entity behind RightsCorp is also working with Carl Crowell to enforce their copyrights claiming infringement for the download of network TV shows, and most frequently, music downloaded via bittorrent.

In my “Evolution of Piracy” article, I wrote:

“It would be a huge scandal if one set of masters [MPAA/RIAA] planned the adult-film-based bittorrent ‘copyright troll’ lawsuits for the purpose of later giving credibility to real-movie lawsuits when they stepped in place of the adult film lawsuits and made the same filings… I don’t want to connect the dots because I do not want to notice that perhaps the same entities behind the Dallas Buyers Club, LLC movies were the same entities behind the Patrick Collins… Malibu Media, LLC cases. THAT WOULD BE JUST TOO HORRIBLE.” (emphasis added)

Well, as the veil of secrecy is unraveling between the adult film industry and the movie / radio industry, we are seeing that these apparently separate entities are not only in cahoots with one another, but that they are all using ONE AND THE SAME ENTITY (Guardaley) to commit fraud upon the US copyright law system.

“NO, HE DID NOT JUST SCREAM FRAUD.” Yes, I did.  Here is why.

In my understanding, having the movie industry (MPAA/RIAA) collude with the adult film industry and PLAN to have the cases blaze through the courts (where those defendants as a general rule do not fight back) and create what we now call “bittorrent law,” only to NOW have the mainstream media step back in and file those same lawsuits using the adult film cases as “case law” to legally support their movie-based bittorrent lawsuits, well, that’s a scam. Why? BECAUSE THE MPAA/RIAA BROKE COPYRIGHT LAW BY USING ADULT FILM CASES TO CREATE THE LAW TO SUPPORT THE CASES THEY ARE NOW FILING.

“But haven’t the adult film cases also created ‘bad law’ for the movie companies?” You might think so, and in some courts, the answer is absolutely, yes.  But let’s look at the developments of what is now considered “normal” in a bittorrent-based copyright infringement lawsuit BECAUSE OF the adult-film-based copyright infringement lawsuits.


1) Judges now regularly rubber-stamp “expedited discovery” requests allowing copyright holders to send subpoenas to internet providers, forcing the ISPs to unclothe the identities of the account holders who are accused of copyright infringement.  These identities are provided directly to the plaintiffs (not to the court) to allow the plaintiff attorney to use and misuse that sensitive and private information.

2) Judges allow the copyright holders to solicit settlements, sometimes in the amounts of thousands or tens of thousands of dollars, with ABSOLUTELY NO OVERSIGHT of the plaintiff attorney’s activities, or how many settlements that attorney has brought in for his client.

3) Judges regularly pretend that bittorrent-based cases are ‘regular’ copyright infringement lawsuits, but they ignore the fact that bittorrent-based copyright holders have CONSISTENTLY FAILED TO STATE A CLAIM with any certainty that the account holder is the accused “John Doe” Defendant, when at best, this is at most a circumstantial connection which is not researched by the judge or the plaintiff attorney before the judge allows the lawsuit to proceed.  According to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, “failure to state a claim” SHOULD prevent the case from proceeding.  The plaintiff copyright holders do not have the evidence to proceed with a lawsuit, yet judges close their eyes to this fact and allow them to proceed anyway.

In sum, the adult film cases have caused judges to fudge (think, “run their finger through melted chocolate”) what used to be firm principles of copyright infringement law, and because of the adult film cases, the result is that judges now regularly allow copyright holders to get away with things that in the past, would have barred them from filing the lawsuit or getting access to the identities of John Doe Defendants in the first place.

And if this was their plan all along, well, that’s just too horrible…

Honestly, judges should reverse and overrule practices and case law established by the adult-film-based lawsuits, and they should revert to holding movie companies (AND adult film production companies) to the standard of law they used to adhere to before the mass onslaught of cases began to burden the courts from 2010 and on. In my opinion, bittorrent cases are nothing but sloppy copyright cases, and judges use sloppy law to allow copyright holders to abuse the copyright system and extort millions of hard-earned dollars from the public.  Years from now, people will look back and wonder how judges allowed these lawsuits to proceed.


I started the Cashman Law Firm, PLLC in 2010, just as the MPAA/RIAA lawsuits became quiet. I always wondered where they went, and why they stopped suing defendants. Now I am starting to understand that they never did stop their activities; rather, they just devised a clever scheme to get the adult film industry to file lawsuits and blaze the trail to create case law across the US (because most adult-film-based defendants do not fight back, and judges laugh when they see the titles sued upon, they undermine their legal sense and allow the ‘repressed, stigma-based industry to proceed with protecting their rights to sue “just like everyone else.”).  As a result of having the adult film companies file the lawsuits across the US, what is unfolding to be the MPAA/RIAA plan broke copyright infringement law so that they can come back seven years later and start filing lawsuits, but now, with a “lower bar” and relaxed legal standards.

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    2 thoughts on “The Great MPAA Scheme to Defraud Copyright Law.”

    1. Rob, great detective work. One question on a side point: my recollection is the 2004-2008 suits were almost entirely by the music industry, organized by RIAA. Broadband speeds couldn’t handle movie downloads en masse at the time, so the MPAA wasn’t much involved at that time. In the last few years, most of the non-porn copyright troll litigation has been done by independent producers like Voltage Pictures, in collaboration with Guardeley. MPAA and RIAA both seem to be using RightsCorp but neither is doing many suits targeting individual BitTorrent users. At least that’s my impression. Do you agree?

      • Mitch, it’s beyond an honor to even see your name here. Thank you. For a while, I thought Voltage Pictures was the entity licensing the rights to enforce copyrights, but I recently learned they were sold and are no longer doing this. So they are not that ‘shadow’ entity I was trying to nail in the articles as being the company behind the lawsuits.

        Whatever company IS behind the scenes, it is certainly linked with Guardaley. For the moment, I am confused as to what name the company goes by (perhaps the Anti-Piracy Management Company (APMC)?), but we have a big square with a question mark with many arrows pointing to this one entity linked with Guardaley.

        Originally, I thought the MPAA and RIAA were using Rightscorp exclusively, but the connected-dots are pointing to this being a “look here” red herring (a costly one, last I checked).

        If Guardaley is now working with Carl Crowell, and so is whatever this entity is licensing the rights to sue from the movie companies, and now Rightscorp is also supposedly working with Crowell, then this is the biggest merging of what I thought were three distinct and separate entities.

        1) Guardaley [I originally thought these were only behind the Malibu Media / adult film cases], but they were also behind the movie cases (e.g., Dallas Buyers Club), etc.

        2) Guardaley (again, I thought they were only behind the adult film lawsuits until they started showing up with the movie lawsuits), and

        3) Rightscorp, the ‘sinking ship’ MPAA / RIAA entity who was spending all of their money to make tiny settlements, but who used questionable methods such as robocalling, false accusations (a person settles, and then is hit with many more alleged infringements), and so on.

        So there you have it. I can’t say I cracked the story yet (especially because much of the work connecting the dots was done by SJD, DTD, and other contributors), but these three apparently separate entities coming together under Carl Crowell is enough to get my red flag swinging high. Conclusions on this website are my own observations of putting the pieces together, sometimes conspiracy theory thinking, unfortunately, I end up being accurate.

        Sometimes I suspect that I am the cause of the bad things they do because they read my blog explaining what can go wrong, they get ideas, and they go and do that. (For example, I am now concerned that maybe Crowell will do what I suggested Lipscomb [his predecessor] might have done if he got his hands on CEG-TEK’s system.) Well, Lipscomb didn’t, but now Crowell did. Now we have this monster.

        I hope this helps.


        PS – I agree that the MPAA / RIAA have not been doing many lawsuits lately — a few through Jordan Rushie in PA, but nothing that caused me to write articles about the topic. I am simply wondering whether the MPAA is behind the recent set of movie lawsuits that have started appearing over the last few years.


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